Food Temperature Chart

Food Temperature Chart

Doneness of meat should always be determined using an instant-read meat thermometer inserted in the thickest part of the meat and away from the bone. While USDA temperature guidelines are valuable for food safety, we find them to often be overdone, especially on the grill. Many restaurants cook to temperatures aligned more with the "gourmet" column below. This requires close attention to safe food handling guidelines.


BEEF STEAKS
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well

GOURMET
125-130ºF
130-140ºF
140-150ºF
155-165ºF

USDA
140ºF
150ºF
160ºF
170ºF

Guide to Grilling the Perfect Filet

BEEF ROASTS
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well

GOURMET
125-130ºF
130-140ºF
140-150ºF
155-165ºF

USDA
140ºF
150ºF
160ºF
170ºF

Recipe: Beef Tenderloin Roast with Zinfandel Reduction and Herbed Butter

RACK of LAMB
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well

GOURMET
125-130ºF
130-140ºF
140-150ºF
155-165ºF

USDA
140ºF
150ºF
160ºF
170ºF

Recipe: Roasted Rack of Lamb with Pomegranate and Fresh Savory

LAMB CHOPS
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well

GOURMET
125-130ºF
130-140ºF
140-150ºF
155-165ºF

USDA
140ºF
150ºF
160ºF
170ºF

 

PORK CHOPS
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well
Well Done

GOURMET
N/A
N/A
N/A
155-165ºF
175-185ºF

USDA



170ºF
170ºF

Recipe: Blueberry Pork Chops

VEAL RACKS
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well

GOURMET
N/A
130-140ºF
140-150ºF
155-165ºF

USDA
 
 
150ºF
160ºF

 

VEAL CHOPS
Rare
Medium-Rare
Medium
Medium-Well

GOURMET
N/A
130-140ºF
140-150ºF
155-165ºF

USDA
 
 
 
 

 

WHOLE CHICKEN

GOURMET
165-175ºF

USDA
180ºF

Recipe: Dry-rubbed Barbecue Chicken

WHOLE TURKEY

GOURMET
165-175ºF

USDA
180ºF

Recipe: Pulled Turkey Sandwiches

BURGERS

GOURMET
160ºF

USDA
160ºF
or higher

Guide to Grilling the Perfect Burger

ROLLED ROASTS
A temperature of 160º F is recommended when a roast of any type has been rolled, as surface bacteria may have been rolled into the center of the roast.

FISH
Fish is done when the meat flakes easily with a fork and appears opaque all the way through. If unsure by appearance, a temperature of 155º F is recommended.

Recipe: Grilled Salmon Nicoise Salad

SHRIMP AND LOBSTER TAILS
Flesh is fully cooked when it turns opaque and firm. Use caution to avoid overcooking shrimp or lobster.

 

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